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Algorithm for finding a spanning tree with weights of 1 and 2 only

Prim's algorithm computes a minimum spanning tree when edges have arbitrary weights.

Prim's algorithm works by doing a sort of breadth-first search, starting from some arbitrary node, and keeping the edges in a priority queue. It keeps extracting the lowest-weight edge and either discarding it without expanding the search (if the edge leads to a node already in the tree) or adding it to the result, marking its opposite node as in the tree, and expanding the search.

Done in the naive way I just explained, Prim's algorithm is dominated by the cost of enqueueing and dequeueing |E| edges into/outof the priority queue. Each enqueue/dequeue takes O(log |E|) time, so the total asymptotic cost is O(|E| log |E|) time or, more properly, O(|E| log |E| + |V|).

If we had some way to do those enqueues and dequeues in constant time, the total running time would be O(|E| + |V|)...





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