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What's the purpose of the "__package__" attribute in Python?

See the PEP 366 and import system reference documentation:

The major proposed change is the introduction of a new module level attribute, __package__. When it is present, relative imports will be based on this attribute rather than the module __name__ attribute.

and

  • The module’s __package__ attribute should be set. Its value must be a string, but it can be the same value as its __name__. If the attribute is set to None or is missing, the import system will fill it in with a more appropriate value. When the module is a package, its __package__ value should be set to its __name__. When the module is not a package, __package__ should be set to the empty string for top-level modules, or for submodules, to the parent package’s name. See PEP 366 for further details.

So, for a module located in foo/bar/baz.py, __name__ is set to foo.bar.baz, and __package__ is set to foo.bar, while foo/bar/__init__.py will have foo.bar for both the __name__ and __package__ attributes.





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